In the case of potassium, the letter "K" represents it on the Periodic Table. Updates? If correct case (Secure PayPal), Try3Steps is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercialShareAlike4.0 International. Potassium is the major cation (positive ion) inside animal cells, while sodium is the major cation outside animal cells. It is light enough to float into water with which it reacts instantly to release hydrogen, which burns with a lilac flame. Use correct case for element symbols. [102] In 2005, about 93% of world potassium production was consumed by the fertilizer industry. Are We Wrong To Think We're Right? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/vitamin-K, Oregon State University - Linus Pauling Institute - Vitamin K, Merck Manual - Consumer Version - Vitamin K, National Institute of Health - Office of Dietary Supplements - Vitamin K, component of a coenzyme in carbohydrate metabolism; supports normal nerve function, impairment of the nerves and heart muscle wasting, component of coenzymes required for energy production and lipid, vitamin, mineral, and drug metabolism; antioxidant, inflammation of the skin, tongue, and lips; ocular disturbances; nervous symptoms, component of coenzymes used broadly in cellular metabolism, oxidation of fuel molecules, and fatty acid and steroid synthesis, skin lesions, gastrointestinal disturbances, nervous symptoms, component of coenzymes in metabolism of amino acids and other nitrogen-containing compounds; synthesis of hemoglobin, neurotransmitters; regulation of blood glucose levels, dermatitis, mental depression, confusion, convulsions, anemia, component of coenzymes in DNA synthesis, metabolism of amino acids; required for cell division, maturation of red blood cells, impaired formation of red blood cells, weakness, irritability, headache, palpitations, inflammation of mouth, neural tube defects in fetus, cofactor for enzymes in metabolism of amino acids (including folic acid) and fatty acids; required for new cell synthesis, normal blood formation, and neurological function, smoothness of the tongue, gastrointestinal disturbances, nervous symptoms, as component of coenzyme A, essential for metabolism of carbohydrate, protein, and fat; cofactor for elongation of fatty acids, weakness, gastrointestinal disturbances, nervous symptoms, fatigue, sleep disturbances, restlessness, nausea, cofactor in carbohydrate, fatty acid, and amino acid metabolism, dermatitis, hair loss, conjunctivitis, neurological symptoms, antioxidant; synthesis of collagen, carnitine, amino acids, and hormones; immune function; enhances absorption of non-heme iron (from plant foods), swollen and bleeding gums, soreness and stiffness of the joints and lower extremities, bleeding under the skin and in deep tissues, slow wound healing, anemia, retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, beta-carotene (plant version), normal vision, integrity of epithelial cells (mucous membranes and skin), reproduction, embryonic development, growth, immune response, ocular disturbances leading to blindness, growth retardation, dry skin, diarrhea, vulnerability to infection, calciferol, calatriol (1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D, maintenance of blood calcium and phosphorus levels, proper mineralization of bones, defective bone growth in children, soft bones in adults, alpha-tocopherol, tocopherol, tocotrienol, antioxidant; interruption of free radical chain reactions; protection of polyunsaturated fatty acids, cell membranes, peripheral neuropathy, breakdown of red blood cells, phylloquinone, menaquinone, menadione, naphthoquinone, synthesis of proteins involved in blood coagulation and bone metabolism, impaired clotting of the blood and internal bleeding. Minerals mined for their potassium are pinkish and sylvite, carnallite and alunite. Atomic mass Density (near r.t.) Melting point Boiling point Year of discovery Discoverer; Ac: Actinium: 89: 227,0278 g/mol will be no restrictions on the search. To specify one or more of a given atom, use a A form of vitamin K known as phylloquinone (vitamin K1) is synthesized by plants. This reaction is exothermic and releases sufficient heat to ignite the resulting hydrogen in the presence of oxygen. Its presence is of great importance for soil health, plant growth and animal nutrition. Phone: +971 4 429 5853 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, Copyright © 1998-2020 Lenntech B.V. All rights reserved, Plant Inspection & Process Optimalisation, Separation and Concentration Purification Request. the number after the element symbol. Please follow the steps below to Chemical Formula Search Help Rules for chemical formulas (Back to search) Enter a sequence of element symbols followed by numbers to specify the amounts of desired elements (e.g., C6H6). A very few elements have symbols which appear to have no relationship with their names. Inhalation of dust or mists can irritate the eyes, nose, throat, lungs with sneezing, coughing and sore throat. Radioactive Human Body", "Structural and thermodynamic properties of selective ion binding in a K+ channel", "Serum Potassium Levels and Mortality in Acute Myocardial Infarction", "The relationship between estimated sodium and potassium excretion and subsequent renal outcomes", "An Integrated View of Potassium Homeostasis", "Micropuncture study of nephron function in the rhesus monkey", "Experimental potassium depletion in normal human subjects. contain at least one of the data types specified. element, use an asterisk (*) after the element symbol. conduct your search (Help): © 2018 by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce K: Potassium: New Latin potassa, 'potash', iself from pot and ash (the symbol K is derived … It was first isolated from potash, the ashes of plants, from which its name derives. Technology, Office of Data It can also be used in reactive distillation. If you donate just a coffee, lunch or whatever you can today, TRY3STEPS could keep thriving.