His wife, Maria Theresa was devastated by his death. Francis was a womanizer and was popular for his philandering activities. Maria Theresa secured in the Treaty of Füssen his election to the Empire on 13 September 1745, in succession to Charles VII, and she made him co-regent of her hereditary dominions. Francis, though shared equal power with Maria, played an inconsequential role in the working of the government. With the excuse that a woman couldn't succeed to her father's throne, France and Prussia moved against her, determined to lessen the influence of the powerful Hapsburg dynasty. He died suddenly in his carriage while returning from the opera at Innsbruck on 18 August 1765. Almost immediately, she appointed Francis as her co-regent. Background design by forluck & Eonscintilla. At the age of 15, when he was brought to Vienna, he was established in the Silesian Duchy of Teschen, which had been mediatized and granted to his father by the emperor in 1722. A shrewd political negotiator, after the death of her father Maria Theresa found herself plunged into the War of Austrian Succession. © Catherine Curzon and Madame Gilflurt's Guide to Life, 2013-2020 unless otherwise stated. Francis I, (born Dec. 8, 1708, Nancy, Duchy of Lorraine—died Aug. 18, 1765, Innsbruck, Austria), Holy Roman emperor from Sept. 13, 1745; he was duke of Lorraine (as Francis Stephen) from 1729 to 1735 and grand duke of Tuscany from 1737. Whilst in Innsbruck to celebrate the wedding of one of his children, Francis took a trip to the opera. Heavily indebted and on the verge of bankruptcy at the end of the seven years war, the Austrian Empire was in a better financial condition than France or England in the 1780s. Unauthorised use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Joseph as the Holy Roman Emperor. As her son, Joseph II, took the throne, he found himself a more than able guide in the form of his mother, who … On January 24, 1737 Francis received Tuscany from his father-in-law, Until then, Maria Theresa was Duchess of Lorraine. It was under his leadership that despite being heavily indebted and on the verge of bankruptcy, the Austrian Empire was in a better off position than France or England during the 1780s. He was officially succeeded by his eldest son Joseph II although the real power remained with his wife. The (secret) treaty between the Emperor and Francis was signed on May 4, 1736. The irony of Maria Theresa portrait is that she looks so delicately feminine. Francis was quite the philanderer and was known for his many indiscreet affairs, notably one with Maria Wilhelmina, Princess of Auersperg, who was thirty years his junior. They married on February 12 in the Augustinian Church, Vienna. In 1729, he succeeded his father as the Duke of Lorraine. Maria Theresa and Francis I had sixteen children—their youngest daughter was the future queen consort of France, Marie Antoinette (1755–1793). Francis and the House of Lorraine received the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in the peace treaty that ended that war. Francis died an untimely sudden death on August 18, 1765 while returning from the opera at Innsbruck in his carriage. He was very close to his brother and sister Anne Charlotte. As the years wore on Francis travelled throughout Europe, becoming a Master Freemason in the United Kingdom and Duke of Lorraine on his father's death. A few tense minutes passed but Francis recovered his nerve and agreed to the wedding formally, with the ceremony taking place less than a fortnight later in February 1736. Glorious Georgian gossip from the quill of Catherine Curzon. After taking the throne of the Holy Roman Empire, the return of the ancestral duchy of Lorraine went nominally to his brother Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (who was however engaged in ruling the Austrian Netherlands), until succession under derivate house alliances resulted in Lorraine's annexation to France in 1766. Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, was looking around the ruling houses for a suitable match for his daughter, Maria Theresa, and quite naturally turned his attention to his cousins in the house of Lorraine. He was connected with the Habsburgs through his grandmother Eleonor, daughter of Emperor Ferdinand III, and wife of Charles Leopold of Lorraine, his grandfather. Family relations with Emperor Charles VI led to an alliance between Francis and Maria Theresa. Though Francis as not active politically, he did manage the economic condition of the dominion and played an active role in the financial affairs. The intricacies of politics at this time never fail to amaze me. However, due to the untimely death of Clement, Francis was agreed upon as the future son-in-law after much consideration. Francis died an untimely sudden death on August 18, 1765 while returning from the opera at Innsbruck in his carriage. However, his wife left him in charge of the financial affairs, which he managed well until his death.

With his wife, Maria Theresa, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. Such a flimsy excuse for war as no female can succeed to the throne is pretty breathtaking by comparison these days! With his wife he had sixteen children including the last, The Wedding Breakfast of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis  by Martin van Meytens. In 1737, Lorraine became managed by France under terms resulting from the War of the Polish Succession. There seem to have been some very creative reasons for going to war in the 18th century! Despite being in powerful position, Francis rarely executed the powers he had, which was mostly used by his wife—the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions. After being appointed as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Francis left for Hungary to fight against the Turks in June 1737. The Scandalous Affairs of Elizabeth Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, Mohammad Khan Qajar and a Fatal Taste for Melon. They arrived on January 20, 1739. or Francis I. Francis actually refused to meet Charles in person, and the treaty was signed in separate rooms. In 1737, following the death of the last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gian Gastone, Francis succeeded as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. She was thirty years younger to him. In 1744 Charles became governor of the Austrian Netherlands, a post he held until his death in 1780.

etc. On December 17, 1738 the couple traveled south, accompanied by his brother Charles to visit Florence for three months. Francis I and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor made peace at the Truce of Nice in 1538. Gian Gastone de' Medici, who died on 9 July 1737, was the second cousin of Francis. As a result Elisabeth son's could claim by right of being a descendant of Margherita. Especially his mother Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans and his brother Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine were against the loss of Lorraine. In 1744 Francis' brother Charles married a younger sister of Maria Theresa, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1718–1744). My poor head is going around and around with with all the dynastic complications!! During a subsequent visit to England, Francis was made a Master Mason at another specially convened lodge at Houghton Hall, the Norfolk estate of British Prime Minister Robert Walpole. He is buried in tomb number 55 in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna. During the War of Austrian Succession, Francis was appointed as the Holy Roman Emperor, after the death of Charles VII.

Francis was well content to leave the wielding of power to his able wife. His wife, Maria Theresa was devastated by his death. In January 1737, the Spanish troops withdrew from Tuscany, and were replaced by 6,000 Austrians. If something were to go wrong, Francis would become governor of the Austrian Netherlands. The Twins of Versailles: Louise Élisabeth and Henr... "Free from vanity and pomp": Queen Adelaide, Debt, Debauchery and Decadence: King George IV. Membership: Holy Roman Empire Association, Charter of the Holy Roman Empire Association, Heraldic Council of the Holy Roman Empire, Court of Nobility of the Holy Roman Empire, Council of the Holy Roman Empire Association, Free Imperial Cities of the Holy Roman Empire, Imperial immediacy of the Holy Roman Empire, Imperial Household of the Holy Roman Emperor, Powers and Titles of the Holy Roman Emperor, Order of the Ancient Nobility of the Four Emperors, Order of the Defeated Dragon - Ordo Draconum, Association of the Counts Arundell of Wardour, Jesus Christ - Jesus of Nazareth - Son of God, Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund of Luxemburg, Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV of Luxemburg, Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV of Wittelsbach, Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII of Luxemburg, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. He also took a great interest in the natural sciences. From 1737 until his death in 1765, he served as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Although fighting stopped after the preliminary peace, the final peace settlement had to wait until the death of the last Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gian Gastone in 1737, to allow the territorial exchanges provided for by the peace settlement to go into effect. In 1732 Maria had him appointed Lord Lieutenant of Hungary, a position that he was less than thrilled to receive as he had warmed somewhat to life as a gentleman of leisure. Whilst in Innsbruck to celebrate the wedding of one of his children, Francis took a trip to the opera. This, she hoped, would lay the foundations for him to assume the Imperial throne. In June 1732 he agreed to go to Pressburg. He, in fact, was content playing second fiddle to his wife.

And to think of an alliance between the Austrians and the French! Istanbul, Scandal and Smallpox: Lady Mary Wortley ... Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, A Ruler in Name Only? Francis was raised in Vienna along with Maria Theresa. Maria Theresa arranged for Francis to become "Lord Lieutenant" (locumtenens) of Hungary in 1732. As the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominion, Maria Theresa’s rule was challenged by Saxony, Prussia, France and Bavaria. Yet more proof of a woman's ability to rule, even behind the scenes. For the same, he moved to Pressburg. The War raged on for eight years before the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle brought it to an end in 1748 and we've already hosted one of its most infamous, In fact, though Maria Theresa's gender did indeed preclude her from ruling the Holy Roman Empiere, she had long intended to make her husband, co-Regent of her Austrian and Bohemian territories.

Two years later, he was initiated into the freemasonry. However, blessed with business acumen and natural instincts, he was of immense help and assisted Maria in the governing of the complicated Austrian dominions. Under its terms, Stanis?aw I, the father-in-law of King Louis XV and the losing claimant to the Polish throne, received Lorraine, while Francis, in compensation for his loss, was made heir to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, which he would inherit in 1737. He was buried in tomb number 55 in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna.

During the War of Austrian Succession, Francis was appointed as the Holy Roman Emperor, after the death of Charles VII.