[5] The newest member is Rwanda, which joined on 29 November 2009. Commonwealth countries are diverse – they are amongst the world’s biggest, smallest, richest and poorest countries. The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of 54 sovereign states. The reason that the British Commonwealth altered the name was that the member countries started to include territories under the rule of the British Empire, but not physically near or within Britain. There is no equivalent provision as to the Commonwealth. ^ C. Though Pakistan celebrates 14 August 1947 as its independence day, independence was officially granted at midnight, 15 August 1947. The British Commonwealth is an older name with its roots originating back in 1926 when the Commonwealth started forming. [2], The symbol of this free association is Queen Elizabeth II, who serves as the Head of the Commonwealth. As mentioned, the Commonwealth of Nations is an organization that is made up of fifty … As mentioned, the Commonwealth of Nations is an organization that is made up of fifty-three countries around the world. All territories in Canada are part of the Commonwealth, and the same is true of Australia. Dependent or not upon Britain's government, the member states of the Commonwealth of Nations all have a historical tie to Britain. The Commonwealth was originally formed at the beginning of the twentieth century following the decolonization of the British Empire, which began in 1945 and fully broke apart by 1997. The Commonwealth is not a political union, but more a loose association of countries with common values and goals. 54 independent countries, both advanced economies and developing countries [3], The Commonwealth was first officially formed in 1926 when the Balfour Declaration of the Imperial Conference recognized the full sovereignty of dominions. 32 of our members are classified as small states. [4] In 1949, the London Declaration marked the birth of the modern Commonwealth and the adoption of its present name. The Association of Commonwealth Universities is an important vehicle for academic links, particularly through scholarships, principally the Commonwealth Scholarship, for students to study in universitiesin other Commonwealth countries. The 1986 proclamation was an exception, approved by Australian ministers.

There are 54 countries in the Commonwealth, in Africa, Asia, the Americas, Europe and the Pacific.

Commonwealth countries share many links outside government, with over a hundred Commonwealth-wide non-governmental organisations, notably for sport, culture, education, law and charity. Most of these countries used to be territories of the British Empire. [64][65], Some countries and regions could also join the Commonwealth on the basis of having been part of the British Empire including: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Myanmar, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Hong Kong.

Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM). A document called the Balfour Declaration was signed in 1926, and it marked the official start of the British Commonwealth of Nations. The Balfour Declaration brought to light the consensus that all British Empire countries were on par with the United Kingdom, which had not been the case beforehand.

From there, the British Commonwealth started going by the Commonwealth of Nations, and you will commonly see it shortened as the Commonwealth. List of Commonwealth Countries - voting rights. Known as the "British Commonwealth", the original members were the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Irish Free State, and Newfoundland. ^ A. Click here to access the Commonwealth country directory, containing 53 detailed country profiles on Commonwealth member states. Ever since, there have been fifty-three countries that are recognized as being part of the Commonwealth of Nations. Other states which have expressed an interest in joining the Commonwealth over the years or states which may be eligible to join the Commonwealth include: Bahrain,[60] Cambodia,[60] Egypt,[60] Israel,[61] Libya,[60] Nepal,[62][63] Palestine,[60] United States[60] and Yemen. Joined as Swaziland, subsequently changing its name to Eswatini on 19 April 2018. This position, however, does not imbue her with any political or executive power over any Commonwealth member states; the position is purely symbolic, and it is the Commonwealth Secretary-General who is the chief executive of the Commonwealth.

The only country in South America that is part of the British Commonwealth is Guyana in the northern region of the continent. Currently, sixteen of the 54 member states are Commonwealth realms, with the Head of the … Barbados is set to remove Elizabeth II as its head of state and become a republic by 30 November 2021. ^ F. The population figure is based on 2014 estimates.

However, for both the Commonwealth and the States, constitutional convention effectively excludes the monarch from any personal exercise of governmental power. Gained independence from Sudan in 2011.

Unless otherwise noted, independence was gained from the United Kingdom on the date (shown in column 2) of joining the Commonwealth. ^ E. Constitutional monarchy that operates under a Westminster system. Therefore, its date of joining the Commonwealth would be 15 August 1947.

Left in 1987; rejoined in 1997; suspended on 6 June 2000; Unitary parliamentary republic with an executive presidency, Unitary presidential republic with an executive presidency, Gained independence on 31 January 1968 from joint trusteeship of, Incorporated the former British mandate/trust territory of, Somaliland is an unrecognised self-declared sovereign state internationally recognised as part of. There are also many non-official associations that bring together individuals … Commonwealth countries are diverse – they are amongst the world’s biggest, smallest, richest and poorest countries. ", British Nationality Act (1981 c 61) Annex B – The territories forming part of the Commonwealth, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Member_states_of_the_Commonwealth_of_Nations&oldid=985722905, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Australia was one of the original Dominions at the time of the. Interestingly enough, most, though not all, of the countries in the British Commonwealth happen to be British colonies. This makes sure even the smallest countries have a voice in shaping the Commonwealth. [66], List of members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Leaders of member countries shape Commonwealth policies and priorities. [1] Such common values and goals include the promotion of democracy, human rights, good governance, the rule of law, individual liberty, equality before the law, free trade, multilateralism, and world peace, which are promoted through multilateral projects and meetings, such as the Commonwealth Games, held once every four years. Somaliland on verge of observer status in the Commonwealth. Here are the British Commonwealth countries in alphabetical order again, but this time, they are followed by their respective population sizes. At this point, the London Declaration was compiled and written by an Indian official by the name of VK Krishna Menon, and it was signed by the member nations in the same year. Rather, the Commonwealth is an international organization in which countries with diverse social, political, and economic backgrounds are regarded as equal in status, and cooperate within a framework of common values and goals, as outlined in the Singapore Declaration issued in 1971. The monarch is not the British monarch, hence making it not a Commonwealth realm. "South Sudan Launches Bid to Join Commonwealth".

Currently, sixteen of the 54 member states are Commonwealth realms, with the Head of the Commonwealth as their heads of state, five others are monarchies with their own individual monarchs (Brunei, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malaysia and Tonga), and the rest are republics.

The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of 54 independent countries, almost all of which were formerly under British rule. Every 2 years, they meet to discuss issues affecting the Commonwealth and the wider world at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM). This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 15:51. ^ D. Geopolitically part of Europe, but geographically part of Asia. Out of all fifty-three countries, India’s population accounts for the majority of the Commonwealth’s total population.

"Suriname eying membership of Commonwealth", "Strengthening Guyana's participation in the Commonwealth and providing guidance to Suriname as it considers applying for membership", "Burundi Applies to Join Commonwealth to Bolster Angolophone Ties", "Zimbabwe applies to re-join Commonwealth, 15 years after leaving", "The future of the modern Commonwealth: Widening vs. No one government in the Commonwealth exercises power over the others, as is the case in a political union.

On 15 May 2018, President Emmerson Mnangagwa submitted an application to rejoin the Commonwealth. 32 of our members are classified as small states. There were so many additions, alterations, and revisions to the Commonwealth of Nations until the year 1949.

All members have an equal say regardless of size or wealth. ", "Israelis and Palestinians could join Commonwealth", "The Commonwealth: What's the point of it?

Small states are especially vulnerable to things like climate change or developmental challenges. ^ B.

", "The Big Question: What is the Commonwealth's role, and is it relevant to global politics?

The member states of the Commonwealth are united through shared values, history, culture, and languages. deepening? [6] The 54 members have a combined population of 2.4 billion, almost a third of the world population, of whom 1.21 billion live in India, and 95% live in Asia and Africa combined.[7]. Every continent in the world has member countries that are part of the British Commonwealth of Nations. The UK used to be viewed as greater than all other countries in the British Empire, so this was a huge step for equality amongst countries in Europe, hence the word commonwealth.

South Africa, Pakistan, The Gambia, and the Maldives left and later rejoined the Commonwealth, and Zimbabwe has formally applied to rejoin. 15 Oct, 2014 how many 1 The Commonwealth (official title: Commonwealth of Nations) is an organization made up of many nations, most of which were once territories or colonies of the British Empire. Gained independence from Britain as part of Sudan in 1956. Most of the country was the formerly French. Five years later, the United Kingdom officially upheld the formation of the Commonwealth by signing a document called the Statute of Westminster. South Sudan on Track to Join Commonwealth. These fifty-three nations have a combined population of over two-point-three billion people, with the most densely populated countries being Bangladesh, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the United Kingdom. During the Imperial Conference, there was a gathering of political figures at an event held by the prime ministers across the British Empire at the time. All dates below are provided by the Commonwealth of Nations Secretariat members list, and population figures are as of 1 February 2020.[8]. It was re-stated by the 1930 conference and incorporated in the Statute of Westminster the following year (although Australia and New Zealand did not adopt the statute until 1942 and 1947 respectively). Not a member of the Commonwealth Foundation. The British Commonwealth refers to a collection of countries that associate with the same political affiliation, meaning that the Commonwealth of Nations is intended to bring countries together and provide them with a foundation for economic growth, financial prosperity, and just overall success for all nations involved. If they are not currently under British rule, these locations were at one time.